### 题目

The task is really simple: given N exits on a highway which forms a simple cycle, you are supposed to tell the shortest distance between any pair of exits.

Input Specification:
Each input file contains one test case. For each case, the first line contains an integer N (in [3,10​5​​ ]), followed by N integer distances D​1​​ D​2 ⋯ D​N​​ , where D​i​​ is the distance between the i-th and the (i+1)-st exits, and D​N​​ is between the N-th and the 1st exits. All the numbers in a line are separated by a space. The second line gives a positive integer M (≤104​​ ), with M lines follow, each contains a pair of exit numbers, provided that the exits are numbered from 1 to N. It is guaranteed that the total round trip distance is no more than 107
​​ .

Output Specification:
For each test case, print your results in M lines, each contains the shortest distance between the corresponding given pair of exits.

Sample Input:

``````5 1 2 4 14 9
3
1 3
2 5
4 1
``````

Sample Output:

``````3
10
7
``````

### 解析

`n`个节点形成一个圆环，编号从`1``n`，按顺序给出 `1-2距离``2-3距离`、...、`n-1距`离。给出`m`对节点`i,j`，要求输出`i，j`之间的最短距离。

• 在获取输入的同时计算出每个结点到第一个结点的距离，并将它存放在数组`dis[]`中，即`dis[n]`表示节点`n`到节点`1`的顺序方向对应的距离，`dis[n+1]`表示整个环的距离和。
• 任意两点的距离要么环的"劣弧"，要么是环的"优弧"，这里先求按顺序由`a``b`的距离（`a<b`）,也就是`dis[b]-dis[a]`，另一端距离用圆环总长度（`dis[n+1]`）减去这里求的距离，比较两者取最小值。
• 圆环总长度小于107，那么距离值可以定义为int.

### 代码

``````#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
using namespace std;

int main() {
int n, dis, temp;
cin >> n;
// 节点编号从1开始，
// 输入数据是 1-2距离，2-3距离，...n-1距离
for (int i = 1; i <= n; ++i) {
cin >> temp;
// dis[i]保存从节点1到节点i的距离，假如有n和节点，那么dis[n + 1] 就是整个环的距离和
if (i == 1) dis[i + 1] = temp;
else dis[i + 1] = dis[i] + temp;
}
int m, a, b;
cin >> m;
while (m-- > 0) {
cin >> a >> b;
// 保证按顺序小，大
if (a > b) swap(a, b);
// “劣弧”对应的长度
temp = dis[b] - dis[a];
// dis[n + 1] - temp 是 “优弧”对应的长度，取较小的那个
cout << min(temp, dis[n + 1] - temp) << endl;
}

return 0;
}
``````  